We are introduced to many new characters in the second part of the story who further the plot and message. Topsey is presented to Ophelia for the purpose of education by St.Clare but his true purpose is to save Topsey from the abusive men that owned her. We clearly see St.Clare's humanity and suffer with him when he loses his daughter Eva. The author uses Eva to further her faith in Christianity and also to demonstrate the ability of this faith to bring black and white people together in spirit if not in circumstances. When Eva dies, the slaves who loved her were as devastated by her death as was her family. This moment blurs the distance between the races and creates a momentary vision of equality. Again, this is Stowe's way of putting the races on equal emotional footing. Sometime it seems Stowe could be talking of her own lost child as she says about Eva, "Has there ever been a child like Eva? Yes, there have been; but their names are always on grave stones, and their sweet smiles, their heavenly eyes, their singular words and ways, are among the buried treasures of yearning hearts." Eva is the only person who can reach into Topsey's soul. Eva's death makes Ophelia more kindly to Topsey and St.Clare gives Eva's beloved Tom his freedom. If Eva is comparable to Jesus, then her passing creates miracles on earth for all who come to her faith.
When St.Clare dies and Tom is sold to Legree, the book's tone becomes even more tragic. The stark contrast between Legree and the benign slave owners is poignant. It is likely that more slaves endured the cruelty of Simon Legree than the kindness of St.Clare and Shelby. The author makes our hearts ache for Tom. His ability to rise above his suffering and stay faithful to God is astounding and his commitment to helping others is never diminished. He is Christ like in his ability to love and forgive. When Cassy and Emmaline plan to escape, Tom tells them to do anything except kill Legree. This scene is perplexing in that I think that the women would be perfectly justified in murdering the man who was torturing so many people. If they had killed him, everyone on the plantation could have run rather than just the two of them. Personally, I think God would have understood and forgiven. When I gave it more thought though, I realized that apart from religious belief, this approach might have alienated the very people who Stowe was trying to reach. I'm sure that no slave owners would want to hear Stowe saying that they should be killed by their slaves. By not promoting violence against them, she was more successful in changing minds and hearts. Although I had trouble with some of Stowe's language and ideas, her goal was noble and she was extremely courageous and effective.